Food sanitation company fined $1.5 million for illegal child labor

Penalty includes using child workers at two Arkansas sites

By: - February 21, 2023 11:13 am

Four minors were employed by Packers Sanitation Services at the JBS meat processing plant in Greeley, Colorado, according to a Department of Labor investigation. The site was one of 13 plants in eight states where the food sanitation company illegally employed children. (Photo by Chet Strange/Getty Images)

A company responsible for cleaning meatpacking plants across the country has paid $1.5 million in civil penalties for making children as young as 13 work in dangerous conditions.

The fine, announced Friday by the U.S. Department of Labor, followed an investigation by the agency into Packers Sanitation Services Inc., at 13 plants in eight states, including Arkansas, Colorado, Indiana, Kansas, Minnesota, Nebraska and Tennessee. At three meatpacking plants — in Nebraska, Kansas and Minnesota — Packers Sanitation employed more than 20 children.

In Arkansas, the company paid a fine of $60,552 for using four minors at a George’s Inc. plant in Batesville and $90,828 for using six minors at a Tyson Foods facility in Green Forest.

The Labor Department said children, ranging from 13 to 17 years old, spent overnight shifts cleaning equipment such as head splitters, back saws and brisket saws, and were exposed to dangerous chemicals such as ammonia. The risks inside meatpacking plants also include diseases from exposure to feces and blood, according to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration.

Three children out of at least 102 kids sustained injuries while working for Packers Sanitation Services, which is based in Kieler, Wisconsin. 

Michael Lazzeri, wage and hour regional administrator for the department, said that the food sanitation business ignored flags from its own system that the workers were minors.

“When the Wage and Hour Division arrived with warrants, the adults — who had recruited, hired and supervised these children — tried to derail our efforts to investigate their employment practices,” Lazzeri said in a press release. 

The department’s Wage and Hour division started investigating these issues in August of 2022. In November, the department filed a complaint in the U.S. District Court of Nebraska. The agency’s investigation found that children were working at plants in Gibbon, Grand Island and Omaha. Packers Sanitation Services was fined $408,726 for employing 27 minors at the JBS Foods plant in Grand Island. 

Packers was also fined $333,036 for employing children at a JBS plant in Worthington, Minnesota, and $393,588 for having children work at a Cargill plant in Dodge City, Kansas.

The $1.5 million total represents a fine of $15,138 for each child employed — the maximum civil money penalty allowed by federal law.  

In December, the company agreed to comply with labor law and hire a third-party specialist to provide child labor compliance training and monitor facilities for three years, among other requirements, as part of the U.S. District Court of Nebraska’s consent order and judgment.

The number of children working in violation of child labor laws has been on the increase since 2018, with the exception of 2021 during the pandemic, according to Department of Labor data. Last year, there were 835 child labor violation cases involving 3,876 children. 

The increase in cases comes as some states are considering loosening child labor protections. 

An Iowa bill would provide exceptions to state law prohibiting minors aged 14 to 17 from working in more dangerous industries, such as roofing, mining and meatpacking, as long as the state Workforce Development and Department of Education allowed it as part of a “work-based learning or a school or employer-administered, work-related program,” reported the Des Moines Register. It also lets minors under 16 drive themselves to work in some circumstances and let children under 16 work longer hours. An Iowa Senate subcommittee recommended passage of the bill on Feb. 9. 

Another bill, in Minnesota, removes a prohibition on 16 and 17 year-olds from working in construction. In Ohio, lawmakers are proposing that minors be allowed to work longer hours.

In Arkansas, House Bill 1410, filed Feb . 16, would no longer require children under 16 to get permission from the state Division of Labor to be employed.


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Casey Quinlan
Casey Quinlan

Casey Quinlan is a reporter in Washington DC. In the past 10 years or so, they have reported on national politics and state politics, LGBTQ rights, abortion access, labor issues, education, Supreme Court news and more for publications including The American Independent, ThinkProgress, New Republic, Rewire News, SCOTUSblog, In These Times, and Vox.